Cuba has been plunged into turmoil by the largest protests against its Communist government in decades.
Thousands took to the streets in towns and cities across the island shouting "freedom" and "down with the dictatorship" on Sunday.
Protests are rarely seen on the Caribbean island, where opposition to the government is stifled.
So what have been the main drivers of these protests?
1) The coronavirus crisis
Sunday's protests appeared to be the result of societal exhaustion stemming from acute economic and health crises. The pandemic and economic measures taken by the government have made life in Cuba increasingly difficult.
The island, which had kept the Covid-19 pandemic under control in 2020, has seen infections explode in recent weeks.
2) The economic situation
With tourism - one of the engines of the Cuban economy - practically paralysed, the coronavirus pandemic has had a profound impact on the economic and social life of the island.
This has been compounded by growing inflation, blackouts, and shortages of food, medicine and basic products.
At the beginning of the year, the government proposed a new package of economic reforms that, while increasing wages, triggered a spike in prices.
Economists such as Pavel Vidal, from the Pontificia Javeriana University of Cali in Colombia estimate that prices could rise between 500% and 900% in the next few months.
3) Internet access
Before Sunday, the largest protest Cuba had seen since the start of Castro's communist revolution took place in August 1994 on Havana's Malecón waterfront.
Many Cubans had no idea what had happened in the capital.
Thirty years on, though, the scenario is very different.
Under the presidency of Raúl Castro, Cuba took liberalising steps that led to greater internet connectivity on the island.
Since then, Cubans have used social networks to express their dissatisfaction with the government.
Today, a large part of the population - mainly young people - have access to Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, which are their main sources of information from state and independent media.
Normally I would be against sharing shit with that green RT on the bottom because that's Russian TV which is propaganda in the purest form and honestly you're kinda seeing that in this video. This dude is sitting there with a straight face and suggesting that the US government is using Mia Khalifia to carry out civil unrest in their country. Now, normally I would be a little skeptical about rumors regarding foreign countries and the actions of the CIA but we have enough shit on our hands right now with the way we are handling Afghanistan. I cant imagine ole Sleepy Joe is calling up Mia and getting her to make TikTok videos about the embargo.
It's a genius approach though. Miguel Diaz-Canel is doing an old dog handler trick. When we teach tracking and scouting, we use all kinds of methods. One of those methods is trying to throw the dog off the scent. For example, if you're trying to train the dog to find drugs, you can put the drugs inside coffee beans, or gasoline containers, or old food jars or the trash. The handler will see the dog pulling towards these things and think, "oh. hes just being a silly dog and wanting to smell and eat that old hot pocket." In reality, there are drugs in that trash. The dog missed it because you were focused on something else.
That's what is happening here. Cuba hasn't had the internet that long and so, therefore, weren't around for the Mia craze of 2013. The Cuban folks watching their president talk about the unrest and then hearing Mia's name. They do a quick google search and boom. Now they are big horny. Instead of continuing the protests, they start either spinning their clits like a 1980s DJ in Brooklyn while some fella behind her breakdances on a cardboard mat in the middle of the street or they are beating their dicks like it's laundry on a riverbank in the 1860s wild west. Circle jerkin the wagons is what we call that in the intel biz. Ive seen it a thousand times and now youve seen it once.
Head on a swivel, folks. Head on a swivel.