However, it was army officers who played the leading role in establishing Baathist rule. Hafez al-Assad was among a group of Baath supporters in the Syrian army who seized power in 1963.
The assistant referee flags for offside against Yao Gervinho. Jussi Jaaskelainen restarts play with the free kick.
Kieran Gibbs takes the direct free kick.
Aflaq's supporters were forced from the Baath Party leadership. They found refuge in Iraq, where the Baath Party returned to power in a coup in July 1968. The Iraqi Baathists elected a new pan-Arab leadership, which included Saddam Hussein and Aflaq.
Assist by George McCartney.
Booking Mohamed Diame receives a yellow card.
Its main role was to issue directives from the central government to regional representatives, mobilise the masses for political activities, and gauge the "mood" of the general population.
Foul by Mohamed Diame on Mikel Arteta, free kick awarded. Direct free kick taken by Carl Jenkinson.
In 1973, the Syrian constitution was amended to give the Baath Party unique status as the "leader of the state and society", ushering it into all areas of public life.
The Baath Party was founded in 1947 by Michel Aflaq, a Syrian teacher, whose brand of radical Arab nationalism won supporters across the region.
Growing disagreements between the civilian Baathists,Moncler Jacken, such as Aflaq,, and the party's Military Committee, led by young officers such as Assad,Doudoune Moncler Femme, caused a split in the pan-Arab movement.
During nearly five decades in power, Syria's Baath Party has evolved from an Arab nationalist movement into a vast organisation that has infiltrated every aspect of public life.
Corner taken right-footed by Mark Noble from the right by-line, Andy Carroll takes a shot. Save by Vito Mannone.
Corner taken by Santi Cazorla from the left by-line, clearance by Matthew Jarvis.
In 1953, the Baath Party merged with Akram Hawrani's Arab Socialist Party to become the Arab Socialist Baath Party. The shrewd alliance helped the new group quickly become a serious challenge to its rivals.
Close range headed effort by Per Mertesacker misses to the right of the target.
Thomas Vermaelen challenges Andy Carroll unfairly and gives away a free kick. Mark Noble delivers the ball from the free kick right-footed from left channel, clearance by Thomas Vermaelen.
20:17 Goal scored
The party's early slogan "unity, freedom,Abercrombie, socialism" attracted a generation of Arab political activists who wanted to overthrow the European-backed governments of the Middle East and create a modern industrial economy.
Foul by Winston Reid on Santi Cazorla,Hogan Outlet, free kick awarded.
Outswinging corner taken from the right by-line by Santi Cazorla, James Collins makes a clearance. Outswinging corner taken by Santi Cazorla. Shot by Olivier Giroud. Andy Carroll gets a block in. Corner taken right-footed by Santi Cazorla from the left by-line, clearance by Andy Carroll.
Andy Carroll concedes a free kick for a foul on Mikel Arteta. Per Mertesacker takes the direct free kick.
The party's senior leaders have remained loyal to the late president's son, Bashar, despite a call from the main opposition coalition, the Syrian National Council (SNC), for them to defect in protest at the violent crackdown on anti-government protests that began in March 2011.
Booking Winston Reid receives a caution.
Unfair challenge on Per Mertesacker by Mohamed Diame results in a free kick. Vito Mannone takes the direct free kick.
Goal - Mohamed Diame - West Ham 1 - 0 Arsenal Mohamed Diame fires in a goal from just inside the penalty area to the top right corner of the goal. West Ham 1-0 Arsenal.
Free kick awarded for a foul by Olivier Giroud on Kevin Nolan. Direct free kick taken by James Collins.
Andy Carroll challenges Thomas Vermaelen unfairly and gives away a free kick. Direct free kick taken by Thomas Vermaelen.
After Hafez al-Assad launched his own coup in Syria in 1970,, dubbed the "Corrective Movement", the rift between the rival wings of the Baath Party deepened. A Syrian court condemned Aflaq and other veteran Baathists to death, after trials held in their absence.
Aaron Ramsey has an effort at goal from outside the penalty box missing to the wide right of the goal.
When Hafez al-Assad seized power in a coup in 1970, the party became a vital tool to instil loyalty, as well as help control the government and military alongside the pervasive security services.
9 July 2012Last updated at 14:30 GMT Profile: Syria's ruling Baath Party
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